Security Council (UNSC)
The United Nations Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations. It’s responsibility is the maintenance of international peace and security. It determines the existence of a threat to peace or an act of aggression. It may call on parties to de-escalate a dispute or even command the use of force to solve a conflict. The Security Council is composed of 15 Member States, amongst them the Permanent Five Members that have the right to veto a resolution.
You would like to take swift action and solve the most urgent conflicts around the world? Security Council is your first choice!
The Situation in North Korea: Combating extremist government and maintaining international security
Tensions between North and South Korea have been high for more than a half of century. The ongoing dispute has continuously affected the rest of the world by threatening nuclear conflict – North Korea may survive as a totalitarian regime, but its longstanding policy of pursuing nuclear strike capability is a threat to regional and global security that the international community can no longer ignore.
The potential destabilizing influence of nuclear-armed North Korea is not limited to its own nuclear capability. While the frozen conflict on the Korean peninsula is certain escalate, the implications for global security vis-à-vis nuclear terrorism are also considerable. Furthermore, the North Korean nuclear program is in direct opposition to the international non-proliferation regime and, if successful, may turn into a watershed case for the failure of international efforts towards nuclear disarmament.
It is therefore in the interest of the international community as a whole to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict, despite its complexity. Bearing in mind the consequences of previous world wars and the destructive potential of nuclear conflict, we invite you to join us in the UN Security Council and take on one of the greatest challenges in contemporary international politics.
The Situation in Lebanon: Preventing resurgent sectarian conflict
Present day Lebanon finds itself in a tenuous political situation. The repeat extension of the parliament’s mandate well into 2017, in conjunction with the direct and indirect impact of the Syrian conflict on Lebanese society, threatens a new constitutional crisis and a greatly heightened risk of resurgent sectarian conflict.
Lebanon is a country of approx. 6 million people currently hosting between 1 and 1,5 million refugees, placing considerable strain on the Lebanese economy and humanitarian resources. Its unique sectarian-based system of government was originally envisioned as a transitory measure to stop the bloodshed that haunted the country for decades and facilitate a process of comprehensive constitutional reform, however no such reform ever successfully took place.
Located squarely in a region rife with conflict featuring pronounced religious and sectarian undertones, it is now particularly vulnerable to the resurgence of old internal conflicts due to the untenable political situation, mounting economic stress and the demographic impact of the Syrian civil war. Lebanon is primed to become the next battlefield in the ongoing regional power struggle between Iran and Saudi Arabia. It is essential that the international community take an active role in counteracting radicalization and prevent the escalation of conflict.
Human Rights Council (UNHRC)
The Human Rights Council is responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights, addressing human rights violations and recommending improvements to human rights situations. Its major fields of action are the setting of human rights standards, the monitoring of human rights situations and the in-field implementation of programs. The Human Rights Council is composed of 47 Member States.
You believe that respect for human dignity and the effective compliance with human rights is the starting point for long-term peace? Join the Human Rights Council to set the basis for a better world!
The commission of crimes in the name of freedom of expression and religion.
The freedom of expression and religion are fundamental human rights that are connected to State’s responsibility for their realization. However, a new era has emerged, as these freedoms and rights have been misinterpreted by individuals or groups of people, usually used as an alibi for the commission of crimes. In the name of different political or religious beliefs, crimes against humanity and circumstances of degrading treatment are taking place, altering the essence of human rights and leading to their violation. Should we not examine the root cause of these incidents, the situation will become unprecedentedly dangerous.
The Philippines – Drug War, Martial Law and other human rights concerns.
The Philippines doesn’t enter the world news often; increasingly however, it has become associated with one thing. And one thing only: the Drug War.
It has been close to a year since it began, and the death toll has been in the thousands. Only a small minority in society caring for justice; the many and disillusioned turn a blind eye. Human rights groups and journalists, local and international, have called Duterte out on the blood spilled but he has the support of masses eager to believe his message for change. Critics are being slowly, but surely marginalized and little is being done beyond superficial platitudes to assure people the police will exercise restraint.
Furthermore, with militant Islamic extremism on the rise in the south once again, a third of the country is now under martial law. With seemingly the backing of Congress and the courts, the situation in Marawi looks uncertain for now. Not only does Manila have to ensure that people are not being unduly killed, it now has to ensure that it treads carefully in Mindanao, it must maintain the human rights of all those trapped and fleeing are maintained and that the government not overstep their bounds.
Created in 2010 the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, short UN Women, is a young body. It’s main goals are to eliminate discrimination against women and girls, achieving equality between men and women, and empower women in including but not limited to political, economic, and social environments. Respect for human rights and inclusion of women in humanitarian actions, development projects, peace processes and many more is of vital importance.
You are interested in how women’s rights standards are set and monitored and how civil society organizations cooperate to achieve their goals? UN women will help you get a grasp on the topic of inequality and discrimination.
Women in post-conflict situations – their role in transitional justice and in post-conflict governmental structures
With Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security that was unanimously adopted by the UN Security Council in 2000, the importance of the participation of women and the inclusion of gender perspectives in post-conflict peacebuilding and governance processes has officially been recognized. While some progress has been achieved since then, women are still often overseen in post-conflict situations and the crucial role they can and should play in building up stabilizing structures is often ignored. During BIMUN 2017, we will discuss the reasons for this and together will try to find solutions that will ensure the systematic inclusion of women in transitional justice processes and the set-up of post-conflict governmental structures.
The Role of Women in Climate Change
In most countries, women are more involved in agriculture than men and thus more dependent on natural resources for their livelihood. In combination with social, economic and political barriers many women still have to face worldwide, they are in general more vulnerable to the effects of climate change than men.
Let’s take on the challenge at BIMUN Conference 2017 as members of UN Women to develop gender specific strategies, ensuring that especially rural womens‘ voices in development countries will not be overheard, securing equal participation in decision making processes, and making women effective actors in climate change.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
The Food and Agriculture Organization is the principal organization for achieving food security. The main goals of the FAO are the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition; the elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all; and the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources. An important part of FAOâ€™s work is the sharing of policy expertise and technical knowledge to support Member States in achieving food security in an environmentally sustainable way.
Do you have a keen interest in environmental protection and sustainable resource management? FAO is the committee where you can put your expertise into practice.
Addressing the relationship between climate change and food security
The climate change process the Earth is undergoing has the potential to radically alter the current climate humans greatly rely on. Perhaps the greatest danger climate change posed to humanity lies in the field of agriculture. Everyone relies on food to survive, and the crops humans use currently evolved for the climate at present. An altered climate very likely would bring about massive crop failures and thus, starvation. Developed nations with the means to create new GMOs may be able to lessen the damage in their own countries, but there remains a huge number of the world’s population reliant on subsistence farming both for their own food, and as their source of employment. Clearly a more comprehensive plan will need to be developed to avert disaster on a global scale.
Antimicrobial resistance in food and agriculture
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the global threat that you can’t see with the naked eye. An increasing number of microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses have developed resistance against antimicrobial drugs like antibiotics. This means that they can continue growing and spreading, thus threatening human and animal health. Without effective antibiotics, prevention and treatment of infections in humans and animals is largely compromised. This has major implications on food production, food security and most importantly global health. The consequences are dramatic: Widespread AMR is estimated to cause an additional 10 million human fatalities per year, countless animal fatalities and a 2 to 3.5% decrease in global Gross Domestic Product by 2050. Even though AMR occurs naturally over time, there are certain factors which accelerate it. Among the main factors is the misuse or overuse of antimicrobials in food and agriculture. They are given to animals in intensive livestock farming to prevent disease or also as growth promoters. Through the global food chain AMR can easily spread from animals to people and then from person to person. Therefore microorganisms with AMR in people, animals, food and the environment are increasing every single day. The FAO plays an important role in promoting the responsible use of antimicrobials in agriculture and therefore helps to reduce AMR in agricultural systems and the global food supply. The international community is at a turning point right now and it’s crucial to act. Only with cooperation and coordination of all states it is possible to prevent the looming catastrophe of widespread AMR in humans and animals.
Organization of American States (OAS)
Trilingual committee: English, French and Spanish
The Organization of American States is the World’s oldest regional organization, the first session of its predecessor being held in 1889 in Washington, DC. The OAS was founded in 1948 to promote peace, justice, and solidarity among American states, to strengthen their collaboration and defend their sovereignty. The main pillars or the OAS are democracy, human rights, security and development. It consists of 35 independent states and is the main governmental forum in the Americas.
Are you ready to tackle the work of a regional organization, it’s possibilities and restraints and it’s position in the international system? OAS gives you the chance to experience all of that first hand.
Restoring Peace in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has found itself mired in social turmoil of international scale in recent years, reaching catastrophic proportions as of late. With the sight of Venezuelans queuing for hours to purchase government-limited rations of food, water, toiletries, medicine, among other products, tensions are reaching a new boiling point. Already, international organizations along with foreign ministers and heads of state from around the world have turned their attention to the events unfolding in Venezuela with deep concern, and an urgency to act upon a volatile government that appears unfazed at the striking consequences of the economic policies (or lack thereof) it has implemented.
The Organization of American States (OAS) has already begun to take steps to resolve the crisis. Despite Venezuela’s status as a member state of the OAS, it has construed any opposing point of view from any party as an affront to its sovereignty and endangerment to its national security. Responses including accusations of human rights violations and threats of military confrontation during OAS meetings are no longer unprecedented in this conflict. The OAS must take urgent action to restore peace in Venezuela.
Review of the actions against corruption (IACAC and MESICIC)
The Member States of the OAS adopted the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption (IACAC) in 1996. The purposes of the Convention are to promote and strengthen the development by each of the State Parties of the mechanisms needed to prevent, detect, punish and eradicate corruption and to promote, facilitate and regulate cooperation among the State Parties to reach this goal. Combating corruption in the Member States is one of the preconditions to ensure long lasting effective democratic governance. Despite the efforts of the follow-up Mechanism (MESICIC) and the changes on national legislation made by the Member States, corruption continues to be widely present. The Odebrecht scandal is just another example for the lack of implementation of the IACAC measures in national and international context.
Consequently, it is necessary to review the actions against corruption taken by the Member States within framework of the IACAC and MESICIC as an effort to improve democracy across the American continent.
Would you like to be creative and work as a journalist? You can report about political topics, debates, participants, backgrounds and resolutions as well as about parties, couples, gossip and scandals of the whole conference. In the Media Team, you will write articles, interview delegates and chairs, do a news show or a movie about the conference and much more. It provides you an insight into the work of every committee and you can improve your writing and journalistic skills.