You would like to take swift action and solve the most urgent conflicts around the world? Security Council is your first choice!
The United Nations Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations. It’s responsibility is the maintenance of international peace and security. It determines the existence of a threat to peace or an act of aggression. It may call on parties to de-escalate a dispute or even command the use of force to solve a conflict. The Security Council is composed of 15 Member States, amongst them the Permanent Five Members that have the right to veto a resolution.
Topic A: The Situation in North Korea: Combating extremist government and maintaining international security
Tensions between North and South Korea have been high for more than a half of century. The ongoing dispute has continuously affected the rest of the world by threatening nuclear conflict – North Korea may survive as a totalitarian regime, but its longstanding policy of pursuing nuclear strike capability is a threat to regional and global security that the international community can no longer ignore.
The potential destabilizing influence of nuclear-armed North Korea is not limited to its own nuclear capability. While the frozen conflict on the Korean peninsula is certain escalate, the implications for global security vis-à-vis nuclear terrorism are also considerable. Furthermore, the North Korean nuclear program is in direct opposition to the international non-proliferation regime and, if successful, may turn into a watershed case for the failure of international efforts towards nuclear disarmament.
It is therefore in the interest of the international community as a whole to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict, despite its complexity. Bearing in mind the consequences of previous world wars and the destructive potential of nuclear conflict, we invite you to join us in the UN Security Council and take on one of the greatest challenges in contemporary international politics.
Topic B: The Situation in Lebanon: Preventing resurgent sectarian conflict
Present day Lebanon finds itself in a tenuous political situation. The repeat extension of the parliament’s mandate well into 2017, in conjunction with the direct and indirect impact of the Syrian conflict on Lebanese society, threatens a new constitutional crisis and a greatly heightened risk of resurgent sectarian conflict.
Lebanon is a country of approx. 6 million people currently hosting between 1 and 1,5 million refugees, placing considerable strain on the Lebanese economy and humanitarian resources. Its unique sectarian-based system of government was originally envisioned as a transitory measure to stop the bloodshed that haunted the country for decades and facilitate a process of comprehensive constitutional reform, however no such reform ever successfully took place.
Located squarely in a region rife with conflict featuring pronounced religious and sectarian undertones, it is now particularly vulnerable to the resurgence of old internal conflicts due to the untenable political situation, mounting economic stress and the demographic impact of the Syrian civil war. Lebanon is primed to become the next battlefield in the ongoing regional power struggle between Iran and Saudi Arabia. It is essential that the international community take an active role in counteracting radicalization and prevent the escalation of conflict.
* Experienced delegates
North Korea (Observer)* Lebanon (Observer)*
Please note that all countries that are crossed have already been allocated.