Study Guide OAS

Trilingual committee: English, French and Spanish

Are you ready to tackle the work of a regional organization, it’s possibilities and restraints and it’s position in the international system? OAS gives you the chance to experience all of that first hand.

The Organization of American States is the World’s oldest regional organization, the first session of its predecessor being held in 1889 in Washington, DC. The OAS was founded in 1948 to promote peace, justice, and solidarity among American states, to strengthen their collaboration and defend their sovereignty. The main pillars or the OAS are democracy, human rights, security and development. It consists of 35 independent states and is the main governmental forum in the Americas.

The OAS will be simulated in English, French and Spanish. Delegates may use any of the three languages during the debate, everything said will be translated simultaneously into the other two languages by interpreters from the TH Köln.

Topic A: Restoring Peace in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has found itself mired in social turmoil of international scale in recent years, reaching catastrophic proportions as of late. With the sight of Venezuelans queuing for hours to purchase government-limited rations of food, water, toiletries, medicine, among other products, tensions are reaching a new boiling point. Already, international organizations along with foreign ministers and heads of state from around the world have turned their attention to the events unfolding in Venezuela with deep concern, and an urgency to act upon a volatile government that appears unfazed at the striking consequences of the economic policies (or lack thereof) it has implemented.

The Organization of American States (OAS) has already begun to take steps to resolve the crisis. Despite Venezuela’s status as a member state of the OAS, it has construed any opposing point of view from any party as an affront to its sovereignty and endangerment to its national security. Responses including accusations of human rights violations and threats of military confrontation during OAS meetings are no longer unprecedented in this conflict. The OAS must take urgent action to restore peace in Venezuela.

Topic B: Review of the actions against corruption (IACAC and MESICIC)

The Member States of the OAS adopted the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption (IACAC) in 1996. The purposes of the Convention are to promote and strengthen the development by each of the State Parties of the mechanisms needed to prevent, detect, punish and eradicate corruption and to promote, facilitate and regulate cooperation among the State Parties to reach this goal. Combating corruption in the Member States is one of the preconditions to ensure long lasting effective democratic governance. Despite the efforts of the follow-up Mechanism (MESICIC) and the changes on national legislation made by the Member States, corruption continues to be widely present. The Odebrecht scandal is just another example for the lack of implementation of the IACAC measures in national and international context.

Consequently, it is necessary to review the actions against corruption taken by the Member States within framework of the IACAC and MESICIC as an effort to improve democracy across the American continent.


Country Matrix

*Experienced delegates

Argentina Belize Bolivia Brazil* Canada
Chile Colombia* Costa Rica Cuba* Dominican Republic
Ecuador  El Salvador* Guatemala Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Mexico* Nicaragua Panama Paraguay
Peru The Bahamas United States of America* Uruguay Venezuela*(Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Holy See (Observer)*
  • People’s Republic of China (Observer)

Please note that all countries that are crossed have already been allocated.