By Julian WITTKAMP
BONN – It’s usually kind of hard to find a consensus between many parties with different interests. There are many negotiations to be done, debates, speeches and informal conversations to be held and conclusions to be made. This is what the UNEP is working hard to achieve. The main topic of interest: The worldwide reduction of plastic waste.
The delegates chose to differentiate the problem into two main sections. The first being the reduction of existing plastics. How can we deal with a vast amount of plastic bags, cups, straws, fishing nets, and so on that are swimming in our oceans, lying on the beaches and are even eaten by fish, spread across the whole wolrd? That´s what also the delegates asked themselves. They talked about it, made statements, agreed on others positions, but didn´t really make a progress in the process of finding consensus in general in order to create a valid plan. But they did, indeed come up with lots of interesting ideas, mainly proposed by China.
However, the second section is regarding the future plastic production. The delegates gathered Ideas about what to do on reducing plastics, how to replace it as an important substance in economy and how to encourage companies on replacing it. Brazil even presented a plan for establishing an ecological economy in the midterm.
At the end of the day, they agreed to further discuss a proposal China came up with:
A cap and trade system on plastic waste. This innovative idea states that companies should be forced by law to buy tradable licenses for plastic consumption, which are getting more expensive every year. This would encourage them to use alternative materials and reduce their generation of plastic waste.
In conclusion, the delegates should try to work towards a goal rather than just stating their own opinions. But today we have taken a great step towards environmental goals in discussing innovative and novel ideas.
Now it´s time for you, dear delegates, to achieve your goals.