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25/11-Bonn- While debating today on the “Institutional and Infrastructural Rebuilding of post-conflict Yemen”, all delegations of the Security Council encountered the following problem: can we talk about rebuilding a post-conflict country if the country is still torn apart by the war? So far, no sustainable peace has been made in Yemen and trying to consider this fact appeared as a priority for many delegates. This enterprise is however extremely difficult since several dimensions interwind in the Yemen crisis: religious, regional, international, political. Proposals and negotiations took place in 2012 after the Arab’s Spring and the reconciliation efforts resulted with presidential elections, held in Yemen on February. This peace process who arranged a power transfer within the country was unsuccessful and violence continues to consume the country.
Thus, the topic of humanitarian aids was in the core of discussions since it contributes to the peace by giving hope and saving lives and at the same time pave the way for the rebuilding. United Kingdom mentioned the need to ensure food security, as well as water and sanitation
as key focus.

-Marie Lavernhe

The Yemen Crisis

25/11-BONN-In order to help them to tackle the following topic: “Institutional and Infrastructural. Rebuilding of post-conflict Yemen”, the delegations of the Security Council received Christiane Heidbrink, a research assistant at the Center for Global Studies (CGS) of the University of Bonn, who gave a presentation about the current conflict in Yemen. 

Before delving into the details, here is an overview of the situation. Yemen is located at the Southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. In 2011, during the Arab Spring, pro-democracy protesters took to the streets in order to speak out against poverty, unemployment, corruption and to force President Ali Abed Allah Saleh to end his 33-year rule who finally hand over power to his deputy Andrabbuh Mansour Hadi. Since, the country has been in a state of political crisis, going throw constant fighting between pro-government forces led by President Hadi (backed by the international coalition, namely France, the United States, and the United Kingdom), anti-government forces led by the Houthis (supported by Iran and the former President Saleh) and jihadists.

Before the conflict, Yemen was already the poorest country in the Middle East and North Africa region according to the Human Development Index who measures life expectancy, education, and standard of living. Now that the fighting has had devastating humanitarian consequences, the United Nations has pointed out a humanitarian emergency and designated it as “severe” and “complex”. In 2019, they estimated that:

– 24,1 million people (80% of the population) were “at-risk” of hunger and disease.

– 17,8 million people were without safe water and sanitation

– 19,7 million without adequate healthcare (leading to mass outbreaks of preventable diseases like cholera, diphtheria, measles and Dengue Fever).

If poverty already affected almost half the population before the crisis, it touches now 71 to 78% of Yemeni’s households and women are more severely affected than men.

State Authority, State Capacity, State Legitimacy are key features of State building for a country and that the prime question is, as Christiane Heidbrink stated: “How to build a government that is capable to run itself?” The approach of S.C.A.L.E breaks down into five components: S.M.A.R.T Goals, Coherence, Assist, Listen, and Evaluate. This 5 sectors are the building blocks to an efficient and self-standing state body. The concept of S.M.A.R.T Goals originated by Former Director George Doran1 and later was developed into various versions of itself. There are five parts to the concept: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Timely. 

  • Specific demands that a goal for a standing body to set their goals in a manner that is detailed yet to the point as the aspirations required to be met. 
  • Measurable means there needs to be a method of noting the change, be it positive or negative, and the motion of the progress.
  • Attainable refers to the ability to achieve the goal at hand, does it carry too much imagination or can one actually reasonably reach it?
  • Relevant required that the goal be defined and whether or not the goal, as a whole, is gauging towards a progressive solution rather than sugar coating the task at hand.
  • Timely must dictate the timeline needed or the appropriate time-span available to achieve the goal set.

In continuation, Coherence is an idea compiling both cooperation and coordination to enable transparency and equal participation of all partaking in the goal. With assist, as Christiane Heidbrink had noted that if you build a road for a country and the people do not know how to maintain and fix the road, then that road did not help in the long-term. Providing is one thing, but the understanding of the thing is another and this shall come from within the country alone and not international taught. Listen indicated that one must listen to the countries needs and the people as it is them who are the voice and they are the ones that are affected by large. Lastly, one must utilize Evaluate to ensure efficiency and cost were accounted for and are used as a reflective tool. The S.C.A.L.E model is what is used to obtain the government that can in the end run itself. 

That being said, we would like to conclude this article by underlining the major needs of the Yemeni population since Christiane Heidbrink pointed out in her speech that one of the main keys in the willingness of solving Yemen’s crisis resides in listening to them and therefore to their needs. It begins with focusing on the agriculture issue since thirty of Yemen’s 333 districts are now food insecure and nearly a quarter of the entire population, are malnourished. To tackle this urgent issue, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) proposes, for example, to increase food and livestock production as well as rehabilitate agriculture infrastructure and irrigation systems.

Come with the food issue, sanitarian and water issues, altogether closely tied. Experts are worried that Yemen would be the “first country to run out of water”. “Only one-third of Yemen’s population is connected to a piped water network” according to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF). It is important to point out that the need for water impact political stability, considering that 70% to 80% of conflicts in the country rural regions are water-related. The disruption of public services in this domain allows the spread of deadly diseases, such as cholera and it has made the population considerably vulnerable. Currently, 203 of the 333 Yemen’s districts are hit by acute diseases and infections.

 

Doran, G. T. (1981). „There’s a S.M.A.R.T. Way to Write Management’s Goals and Objectives“, Management Review, Vol. 70, Issue 11, pp. 35-36.

 

-Marie Lavernhe and Alan Carter 

 

 

BREAKING NEWS: Lunch is postponed by 30mins!

 

To make our fatigue from yesterday even worse, someone decided to torture us by making the sessions and our wait for food longer! Lunch will now be served at around 13:30. This inhumane treatment has to stop and the people responsible have to be held accountable. 

By Brutus

Lies, Threats, and Danger

Conspiracy against the delegation of The Philippines

As the final day continue rolling forward in the UNEP committee, the delegation of the Philippines has been constantly belittled, attacked, berated and straight up ignored not only by the other delegations but by the chairs at the UNEP committee. While suffering from interruptions and humiliation from the entire committee, today the delegation was skipped while calling for attendance.

What do the chairs have against the delegation? Who is paying the chairs in the UNEP committee? Is it the Executive Board? Or does it go higher up to the Illuminati? Who is complicit? Perhaps it has to do with the missing delegate from the United States in the UNEP committee.

UPDATE: Leaked documents obtained by the Independent Patriot suggest an intense love triangle gone awry. The documents will be released to the public via carrier pigeon later today.

– By Wendy Williams

GOVERNMENT OVERREACH IN UNWOMEN

BONN- The biased UNWomen’s committee recently published its internal Working Paper on how they want to LEGISLATE language. Part of the said Working Paper mentions measures to FORCE gender-neutral positions and pronouns in the workplace. These Orwellian measures are to be expected from the Marxist loving warriors, but we Patriots need to be on watch. They’ve started to infiltrate our Government and are working with the DEEP STATE to undermine our tradional, family values that built this Great Nation of ours. Our Founding Fathers talked about Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness, how can we fellow God-fearing citizens enjoy these unalienable rights when we get locked up in prison camps when using speech that the Red Terror Leaders deem bad. We call upon all Patriots to call your local Congressman/woman to get our Great Nation out of this Pol Pot infested body.

Publius

Press under surveillance?

Journalism team discovers surveillance bugs in press room.

Lets speculate WILDY as we analyze the evidence found.

This morning at approximately 11:00, an unhooked phone was discovered in the pressroom. After examining the device, it was examined by our team and it was determined that the phone was broadcasting and probably being recorded off premises, possibly to a foreign server.

What delegation has the most to gain from listening in on the press? CHINA? RUSSIA? THE UNITED STATES? The independent media is in serious danger after finding the bugged device. Two of our journalists have received vague threats and will be resigning tomorrow evening. 

Wendy Williams

EXCRUCIATING NEWS TO THE GERMAN AID-WORKERS

N’Djamena-Two german aid workers,  two sisters aged 21 and 23 respectively got kidnapped in N’Djamena, the capital of Chad. The ladies were NGO members working under “Action against hunger” since March 2019. The horrifying news has led to a shock not only to the German government but also to the rest of the world sending NGO aid workers. Several countries have already decided to withdraw their NGOs to maintain peace and security of their countrymen. This vulnerable incident has led the countries to think of sending NGOs in such dangerous areas. Considering the prevailing insurgency of the Boko Haram close to the Nigerian border, the ministry of most of the countries are a bit reluctant in sending troops to Chad.

Since the german foreign ministry has expressed a desire to withdraw all their aid workers and volunteers from the region, China sends condolences to the people suffered and has asked Germany to take some immediate actions. Reacting to the devastating incident, Belgium firstly sends condolences and withdraws all the aid workers for the security of the their beloved ones but assures that they can send back the aid workers after security measures are taken into mind by the UN. Contrary to that, the USA says that withdrawing the workers will create deep problems with the economy of the country. South Africa, looking at the ongoing events, wishes to think for a while about sending their troops in order to maintain peace and harmony.

Ruturaj Chavan

What does it take to organize a MUN-Conference?

The most important ingredient in creating a successful and fun Model United Nation Conference is time. This process may not seem time-consuming but the preparation of this conference started back in January; eleven months before BIMUN/ SINUB 2019. The ExCom (Executive Committee) had to meet on a weekly basis and often even more frequently. During these meetings everything from fundraising to decoration has to be planned. Even seemingly minor and inconspicuous details like lanyard colours or coffee cup designs need to be addressed. This requires a lot of time and discipline. But a MUN is expensive: they have to finance the food, interpreters, venues, socials and even everyday-needs for the organisation. This is made possible by the ExCom mostly by finding sponsors. Not only finding them but to even persuade and to look after the sponsors is not an easy task at all. Moreover you have to inform sponsors and potential delegates of the concept and social-political value of MUNing. The next task is to find suitable venues for socials and the conference itself. Even though the range of possible locations in Bonn is large, only a few suit BIMUNs requirements and price margin. Financing is even more complicated given the strict rules of the German state concerning money being spent by organisations.

To fill these venues with people, BIMUN has to produce ads, keep a good and steady social media presence, hold Lectures and BIMUN representatives have to be present at many international events in Bonn and the whole region.

Additionally BIMUN needs to keep up the work besides the conference.

There is always the pressure in not only trying to please everyone, but even to have as many applicants as possible. For the Conference itself a topic has to be found on which all different committees should orient themselves. The committees also need chairs which have to be interviewed and specially selected. Moreover speakers and patrons have to be found, which are a key component of MUNs.

These challenges are made even harder, given the fact that all ExCom members are organizing a MUN for the first time. They just joined the organisation and have no prior experience; they have only their own effort and the occasional help of the former ExCom members. This is why we own the ExCom and its former members much gratitude for withstanding this burden but also this joyful opportunity planning and executing something so big and amazing. The conference is not the end of the ExComs responsibility, it is more a small pause between organizing even more events, to which all of you are invited to participate.

-Niklas Kemmerzell

[UNWomen]Press statement on the International Day of the Elimination of Violence against Women. (Full text)

NO WITH RIGHTS: UN Women statement on the International Day of the Elimination of Violence against Women

In the occasion of the International day against women’s violence the UN Women committee wants to stress the importance of the fight against this phenomenon and rape in particular, which is the main focus of this day.

To this day in the majority of countries providing data on rape reports statistics show that less than 40% of women who experience sexual violence seek help.

Furthermore, the US Bureau of Justice Statistics suggest only 35% of all sexual assaults are even reported to the police. What is more, rape most often does not get the proper sentencecing if being sentenced at all. Only about 0.7 percent of rapes and attempted rapes end with a felony conviction for the perpetrator. For instance :In the UK around 3.3% of all reported rapes end in a conviction. Sexual harassment in the work place against women is a persistant issue even in highly developed countries and measures need to be taken on a national as well as an international level. Even though there has been progress with campaigns such as the #metoo movement, sexual violence is still rampant throughout the world.

We call for better education on healthier gender roles and the importance of consent and responsibility. We stress the importance of the adoption at a national level of stricter legislation to regulate this issue and empower women to not only fight back but also speak up on this issue. Prevention is key, but we also recall the relevance of a safety net for victims of rape and sexual harrasment, who oftentimes are left alone facing the atrocities they have been victims of. Only when women will feel safe enough to raise their voice this issue will be eradicated once and for all. The acts taken against women include sexual harrasment, rape, child marriage, intimate partner violence, and human trafficking. Such violence targets women on an exceedingly high scale. In war zones, where people are most vulnerable, sexual violence and intimidation is more prevalent than ever. It is important to have legislation in place that condemns and sanctions unwanted sexual acts, and that legislation that is in place is actually enforced.

With 2019 being the year of the woman, and as we move forward into 2020, let us all continue to uphold and expand upon the values and lessons learnt of the myriad voices of the #metoo movement. And up until the day where violence against women is actually abolished, we will continue to fight for the safety of women all over the world.

RED MENACE ATTACKS OUR NATION AND VETERANS

BONN-TODAY, during the a meeting of the extreme LEFT-WING ‚UNWomen’s council‘, the CORRUPT  AND COMMUNIST Chinese delegate without reason attacked one of our own. Ambassador Pippa Maertens has bravely served our nation, having SERVED TWICE IN IRAQ and continuing to serve the people as a reserve officer in the Kentucky National Guard. The Communists  accused these United States of intervening in the recent elections of Hong Kong which was brutally annexed by the False Government in Beijing in 1997. The Independent Patriot  asked the Rightful Government of the Republic of China ,temporarily seated in Taiwan, for a response, but we have not yet received a response. The American People and The Independent Patriot stand by the brave patriots of the Hong Kong Protests. Ambassador Pippa Maertens responded with the greatest composure on this assault against America by saying that this had nothing to do with the topic being discussed and, with sufficient resolve, brought the grievances of the American People into the response by telling the Committee that the American People were disgusted.

Publius

 

 

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